Travelguide

 

Gdansk

Stutthof


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Today village Sztutowo, during the World War II was called Stutthof, and housed first concentration camp outside pre-war German borders. Opened at 2 of September 1939 was liberated in May 1945, which makes it the longest working Nazi camp.

Malbork


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From the period of Teutonic Knights rule origin the biggest and the best known medieval castle in Poland. It is one of Poland's UNESCO list objects, and a must-see for every tourist visiting northern part of the country.

Gdansk City


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Gdansk is the biggest Polish sea port, the city with reach history and active present. For years it was an independent “Free Town of Gdansk”, but it is strongly connected with the most important moments of Polish history.

Artus Court


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The custom of building Artus courts came to Poland from England, supposed home of this legendary king. Originally it was meeting place for knights and nobles, in Gdansk it was more for wealthy merchants and city politics.

Dluga street and Long Market


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Gdańsk is an untypical city without exact main square in old town. Instead, it has a main street, Długa (Long street), which broadens in front of Town Hall, changes name to Long Market, and lead ahead to the Moltawa river. That street gathers the most important city monuments, as well as shops and restaurants.

St. Mary's Church


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The St. Mary Church is the biggest brick church in the world, and one of the biggest of all brick buildings. Located in a very centre of the Old Town, is the most important Gdansk church.

Old Crane (Zuraw)


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Old Crane (in polish Żuraw), is a harbour mechanism, which helped with ships embarking. It is the part of Wide Gate, one of water gates of Gdańsk.

Oliwa District


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Oliwa district is now a part of Gdansk, but for long time was separate town. Its history began in 1186, from the foundation of Cistercian monastery. The small church in Romanesque style, built for monks only, quickly had to be extended. In 14th century the new, Gothic church was developed, and after the war...

Monument of Fallen Shipyard Workers


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In December 1970 in Poland, especially in Gdańsk and Gdynia, had place one of the most important strikes against communist government. The regime used a force, and about 40 young people died.

Westerplatte Memorial


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Westerplatte, the peninsula in Gdańsk, was attacked at the first of September 1939, and this event is considered as a beginning of World War II. For Poles it is a symbol of the greatest heroism, present in every history book.

Sopot


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Sopot is a part of urban area called Tricity, together with Gdańsk and Gdynia, which are really closely located and connected by many issues. The smallest of them, Sopot is still worth visiting, especially for its two centuries long fame as a seaside resort.

Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg


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The amazing, beautiful city of Saint Petersburg is an irrefutable proof of unlimited power of Russian Tsar's. Peter Romanov, called later Peter the Great, changed marshes and swamps into second largest city in Russia, and ten years after setting the first building, he moved here from Moscow the capital of the...

Peter and Paul Fortress


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The oldest building in Sankt Petersburg is located on a small Zayachy Island (Hare Island) fortress of Peter and Paul. Designed as a defence from Swedes, it never played that role – after finishing the building Swedes was defeated.

Peter and Paul Cathedral


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Located in the center of Peter and Paul Fortress, Cathedral is a unique building in all city, according both – to its architecture and function.

Winter Palace and Hermitage State Museum


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18th century was a dynamic period in history, when importance of fortified royal castles lessen. As Louis XVI founded the Versailles, Russian Tsar's decided also to rise a luxurious Palace.

Strelka - Eastern Tip of Vasilevsky Island


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Bounded by arms of river Neva, Vasilevsky Island was designed by Peter the Great as a administrative and cultural centre of the city. Althouhg the most historical buildings are located on the other side of Bolshaya Neva, some important institutions, such as University or stock exchange were established on the island.

Nevsky Prospekt


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The walk on the Nevsky Prospekt is a obligatory point during the visit in saint Petersburg. This 4,5 kilometres avenue is lined by one of the most important Petersburg's monuments, as well as shops and restaurants, what makes it not only tourist site, but also vivid centre of city life.

Church of the Saviour on Spilled Blood


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Officially called the Church of the Saviour, built as a memorial of Tsar Alexander II, in the place where he was assassinated. For that reason, it gained a nickname „Church on the Blood”.

St Isaac’s Cathedral and St Isaac’s Square


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The Cathedral of st. Isaac of Dalmatia is one of the biggest domed buildings in the world, and the biggest church in Petersburg. Constructed for forty years, was finally finish in 1858, under the directions of French artist Montferrand.

St. Nicholas Naval Cathedral


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St. Nicholas Cathedral, or Nikolsky Cathedral, is a Rastrelli Baroque church located in one of the most picturesque locations of Petersburg.

Bronze Horseman – statue of Peter the Great


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In 1782 Empress Catherine II, unveiled the most important statue in Saint Petersburg – equestrian figure of Peter the Great.

Yusupov Palace


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This huge, yellow building over Moika river was for almost century the house of Yusupov family, one of Russia noble houses. First Palace was built in 1770, but was later expanded and rebuilt, as now is a mixture of styles.

Peterhof Palaces and Parks


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The Peterhof Palace complex is located west from Petersburg, on a cliff over Finnish Gulf. Together with Petersburg city centre, it was enlisted on UNESCO Heritage List, in 1991.

Pushkin – Tsarskoye Selo


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25 kilometres south from Petersburg, lies village Pushkin, former summer residence of Tsars. The village, former called Tsarskoye Selo (Tsr's Village), was a gift from Peter the Great to his wife Catherine. She built here a church, and first palace, but her daughter Elisabeth destroyed it, as she needed something...

Helsinki

Helsinki


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The capital, and the biggest city of Finland, Helsinki, is a modern, active metropolis, and an important cultural centre. Yet, it beautiful location and cosy atmosphere makes Helsinki good place for some rest and simply enjoying life.

Suomenlinna Fortress


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In the beginning of 18th century, Sweden lost the Great Northern War, and Russian power over western Baltic was strengthen. When Peter the Great started creation of Saint Petersburg, Swedes decided to built sea fortress in Helsinki, as a defense in next, highly possible wars.

Senate Square


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After setting Helsinki the capitol of Grand Duchy of Finland, Tsar Alexander I wished to create new quality of the city. He employed Carl Ludvig Engel, German architect, to design new central square together with surrounding buildings, and a general plan of the city.

Market Square and Presidential Palace


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Located little bit south from Senate Square, lies the Market Square (Kauppatori) second important place in Helsinki. It is sometimes called Fish Market, as fresh fishes (together with fruits and vegetables), are available here.

Mannerheimintie


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Mannerheimintie, shortly Mansku, is the main street in Helsinki, leading north from city center towards Tampere. Named after national hero, military leader from the Finnish Civil War and Winter War, Carl Gustaw Emil Mannerheim.

Parliament House


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The building of Finnish Parliament was finished in 1931, after a architectural competition and seven years of construction, on the hill over today Mannerheimintie.

Finlandia Hall


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In 1960s architect and designer Alvar Aalto was responsible for the plans of renovating uncared, empty district along Töölönlahti bay. This ambitious vision was never to fulfill, and the only one of designed building, which rose, is Finlandia Hall.

Olympic Stadium


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Although Helsinki hosted Olympics in 1952, the stadium was built in 1938, before cancelled Olymipic in 1940. The stadium is designed in functional style, with a tower dominating over it. It is 72.71 meters (the result of gold-wining javelin throw of Matti Jarvinen in 1932) and it's open for visitors, offering...

Tuomiokirkko Cathedral


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Tuomiokirkko, called simply Helsinki Cathedral, is a main religious building in the city. It is located on Senate Square, the most representative point in Helsinki, and was built in 1830-1853, as an Orthodox church.

Orthodox Uspenski Cathedral


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Uspensky Cathedral is the most important orthodox church in Helsinki, and the biggest orthodox church west from Russia.

Temppeliaukio Church In The Rock


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Lutheran Temppeliauko church, called also Church In The Rock, is absolutely unique example of modern architectural design.

Porvoo


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Porvoo is one of the oldest cities in Finland, famous from its red wooden old town. The first informations about city came from 14th century, and it gained city rights in 1380.

Porvoo Cathedral


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When Porvoo gain city rights, the local church was made of wood but as early as beginnings of 15th century, the city can boast with stone cathedral. The church has a simple silhouette, rectangular shape with separate bell tower.

Turku


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Turku is the oldest city in Finland, located in a 13th century, when Dominican monastery was founded. Turku was Finland first capitol, and when country was under Swedish rule it became, under the Swedish name Abo, the largest and the most important city. This status of unofficial capitol was lost in 1812, when...

Turku Old Town


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Turku Old Town is located on „This” side of river (apart from „the other”, means Western, site) and concentrate around Old Great Square. The most important building is Turku Cathedral, consecrated in 1300. To the other belongs Old Town Hall, and two monumental mansions separated by narrow cable-stone streets.

Turku Cathedral


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Turku cathedral Mother Church of Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland, and the most important church in Turku or even whole country (the bells of the Cathedral are broadcasted in national radio).

Turku Castle


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Turku Castle is one of the city symbols and the biggest medieval castle in Finland. It is also one of the oldest buildings, which are still not ruined.

Naantali


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Naantali is one of the oldest cities in Finland, small but important as a tourist centre. It lies 14 kilometres from Turku and is a part of Turku City Region. The main, but not the only attraction in Naantali - is "The Moomins World".

Copenhagen

Copenhagen


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Copehagen is a city of rich history and active present. As Danes are sometimes considered as the happiest people in the world, their capitol city is definitely nice place for living, and worth at least a short visit.

Indre By


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Indre By means literally inner city, and is a name of the oldest district of Copenhagen, the historical core of it. Until 1870 the centre was surrounded by city walls, which cause a „condensation”of historical buildings. Most of Copenhagen monuments are now easily accessible by foot or bike.

Little Mermaid


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The smallest, but most recognized monument in Copenhagen is Little Mermaid, a fairy-tale character who inhabit the Copenhagen Harbour.

Kastellet


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As every European city, Copenhagen had first the city walls around the whole city and later - the system of fortifications able to stop army equipped with cannons and guns. Kastellet is beautifully preserved example of such construction.

Amalienborg


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Amalienborg is a complex of four palaces from the end of 18th century, which are now the main royal family seat. The identical, classicizing buildings are surrounding the octagonal square, and are separated from pier by so called waterfront gardens.

Marble Church


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The construction of this amazing, domed church, begun in 1740, during construction of the new district – Frederiksstaden.

Copenhagen Opera House


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In a year 2000 private investor donate the Opera House to the Danish state. Construction started in 2001, on a island Holmen, opposite the Amalienborg. The opening took place in 2005, and Queen Margrethe II, who has her own balcony in the opera, was present during the ceremony.

Nyhavn Canal


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Nyhavn is a canal connecting Kongens Nytorov (New King's Square) with an open sea. It was create between 1670 and 1673, by the arm power of prisoners from Dano-Swedish War. Today it is vivid entertainment centre, with many cafes and restaurants located in bright coloured townhouses.

Christiansborg Palace


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The monumental building of Christianborg Palace, which now host the Parliament and many governmental offices, is located in a very core of historical Copenhagen.

Christianshavn


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Christianshavn (literally Christian's Port) is a district of Copenhagen, founded in early 17th century by a king Christian IV.

Church of Our Saviour


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When Christian IV founded new district, Christianshavn, there appeared the need of building the new church. What was then a temporary, wooden chapel is now one of the most interesting churches in Copenhagen.

Christiania


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Christiania, called by inhabitants the Freetown or the Town, is a partly independent “city within a city”, and a home to hippies, anarchist and drug dealers.

Kronborg Castle


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The Kronborg Castle lies on a peninsula, over the narrowest point of Oresund, the sound between Denmark and Sweden. The castle was perpetuate by William Shakespeare, who located here the famous play ”Hamlet”, and in 2000 it was located on a UNESCO World Heritage List.

Riga

Riga Old Town


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Riga Old Town is located on a right side of Daugava River, and was in Middle Ages surrounded by city walls. There are still some reminders of them, from which the most interesting are Powder Tower and Swedish Gate. The important part of fortifications was Riga Castle, built in 14th century, which is now the seat of...

Latvian National Opera House


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Although the building of Latvian National Opera was constructed in 1863, the institution is a bit younger – it was founded in 1912, and works under different names, becoming National Opera only in 1990.

Freedom Monument


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Above the trees of canal side park rise the high column with a statue of liberty on the top. Liberty, in a shape of girl with three glided stars in hands, representing Latvian Independence, National Pride and the difficult 20th century history.

Dome Cathedral


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The Dome Cathedral is the most important Lutheran church in Latvia and the seat of Archbishop of Riga. Together with neighbouring Dome Square it is the central place in the city.

Riga Castle


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The Riga Castle, former seat of the Livonian Order, serves as a presidential palace, and is one of the most important monuments in Riga.

House of the Blackheads


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Blackheads Brotherhood was the association of unmarried merchants, one of the biggest guilds in late medieval Riga. Between 13th and 16th century Riga was one of the Hanseatic Leaugue cities, which meant that it was reach city, where many influent merchants lived and trade. The patron saint of this guild was Moorish...

Town Walls


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In Middle Ages Riga, as every European city, was surrounded by a town walls. When in 16th and 17th century the system of earthen ramparts was constructed, the old walls was no longer important.

St Peter’s Church


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One of the oldest churches in Riga was built before 1209 – as an masonry building it survived the great fire of Riga in that year. From this first, 13th century construction only very little parts preserved till nowadays.

Jurmala


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Jurmala is a sea resort over the Gulf of Riga, located 25 kilometres west of Riga. It is a administrative unit consisting several small resorts and in history it was simply called Riga-Strand or Beach of Riga.

Ciudad de Riga


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The capital city of Latvia is the biggest of Baltic States cites, important economical and cultural centre of the region. Located in the mouth of Daugava River, over the Gulf of Riga, it was always the crossroad of trade routes. Long history is still visible in architecture, but the most amazing are wooden houses...

Tallinn

Tallin


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The first fortress on Toompea hill was built in 1050. The city around it several times changes its name and ruling kingdoms. The longest it was known as a Reval, form 1230, when it gained city rights, till 1918, when it was finally called Tallinn.

Tallin Old Town


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Tallinn Old Town is marked by well preserved city walls, which oldest parts origin back to 13th century. Until 19th century the term consisted only the lower part, without Toompea Hill, but nowadays the districts are joined together, as both are historical core of Tallinn.

Toompea Hill


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Toompea Hill was for long separate city, the seat of sacral and secular authorities of Estonia. The oldest remaining buildings are parts of Toompea Castle (called also Castrum Danorum – Danish Castle), built in 13th century and extended by Teutonic Knights about hundred years later. Today the castle is a seat of...

Town Walls


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Tallinn's Town Walls are one of the best preserved and most impressive in Europe, and they have big influence on a historical atmosphere of the city. They are sometimes called Margaret's walls, as the Queen Margaret Sambiria ordered to built first fortifications in 1265.

Town Hall Square


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The centre of every medieval city was a main square, gathering trade, cultural events and serving as a meeting place. In Tallinn, one can have an impression, that nothing changed in that case, maybe apart of executions, which were held close to the Town Hall.

Town Hall


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Tallinn Town Hall is the only preserved Gothic Town Hall in Europe. It was built in 1404, and from that time it stayed in almost original shape, with only one exception - the spire.

House of the Brotherhood of Black Heads


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The Brotherhood of Black Heads was a Guild gathering wealthy, unmarried merchants. The name origin from a patron saint, Moorish St. Mauritius, whose profile was on a guild's coat of arms.

St. Mary Cathedral


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St. Mary's Cathedral, located on a Toompea Hill is the main Estonian Lutheran church. The first church at this place was probably built before 1219, but wooden construction was replaced by a stone one only in 1230s.

Danish King’s Garden


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Between Toompea Hill and Lower City, there is a park, called Danish King's Garden. It is believed, that here stay Danish troops, before they finally win over Toompea in 1219.

Toompea Castle


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First fortifications on Toompea Hill was made in 10th or 11th centuries, but nothing from those first buildings remained. When Danes conquered this place, they started construction of new, stone castle. From that time remain name Castrum Danorum (Danish Castle), which is used till today.

Nevsky Orthodox Cathedral


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The biggest Orthodox Cathedral in Estonia was built as a symbol of Russian domination over Estonians. It's located on a Toompea hill, on the same street as Lutheran St. Mary Cathedral, and without doubt is bigger and more splendid.

Kadriorg Palace


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In 1718 Peter the Great built the Palace for his wife Catherine, in a short distance from Tallinn. Kadriorg is now one of city district, and the palace surrounded by a park is popular place of Tallinnian strolls.

St Brigitta Convent


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Over the Pirita river rise amazing ruins of st. Brigitta convent. Built in 1407, for almost two centuries served monks and nuns, and was the biggest convent in the region. In 1577 was destroyed by Russians, and from that time the ruins remained the same.

Memorial Complex of Maarjamae


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In 1960, when Estonia was a part of USSR, the impressive concrete monument was risen over road to Pirita beach. The first feature, obelisk, was made in honour of Russian soldiers died in 1918. Fifteen years later the rest of complex arise, changing nearby terrain in the concrete square. This later addition was in...

Lasnamae


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In Western Europe, where history of 20th century was different than in Eastern countries, so-called communism tours are getting more and more popular. In former soviet republics and dependent countries, there are districts created between 1960-1990, which are something exotic for young people from West Europe.

Kiiu Tower


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This smallest citadel in Estonia is located several kilometres east from Tallinn. It was built by a Teutonic Knights in the beginning of 16th century, and a word “citadel” may be a little to much to describe it.

Rebala Bronze Age Graves


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Only five kilometres from Tallinn, lies village Rebala, known from the biggest ancient burial place in Estonia.

Jagala waterfall


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The almost eight meters high Jagala Fall is the largest waterfall in Estonia. The shape of it remains the shape of largest waterfall in USA, so it is sometimes called Niagara of the Baltic.

Klaipeda

Klaipeda


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Klaipeda, es la ciudad más antigua de Lituania, ahora la tercera más grande y el único puerto marítimo del país. Este importante centro económico atrae a comerciantes y artesanos de la misma manera como lo hizo en la Edad Media.

Klaipeda castle


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The Klaipeda castle was built by a Teutonic Knights, under the name Memelburg, in 1252. It was an important military point in 14th and 15th centuries, during the wars with pagan Lithuania, and later against the Swedish and Russian army.

Klaipeda Old Town


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For the first centuries of Klaipeda's existance, the city structure was changing together with changes in the castle position. Nowadays grid of streets was finally marked in 16th century, between the Dane river, and today streets Turgaus and Tiltų.

“Taravos Anike”


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“Taravos Anike”, which means Ann from Tharau, is a title of the most famous poem by Simon Dach, German writer born in Klaipeda.

Curonian Spit


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Curonian Spit is a 97- kilometres long, thin peninsula, built mainly from sand, which is located in a very south-eastern corner of Baltic sea. It separates Curonian Lagoon from the open sea, and was probably formed about 3 millenniums BC.

Palanga


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Palanga is one of Lithuanian most popular sea resorts, located 30m kilometers north from Klaipeda. During the high season, the city is visited by thousands of guest, among them Russians and other foreigners.

Tiskeviciu’s Palace


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The Polish family Tyszkiewicz (Tiskievicius), was the owner of Palanga from 1824, and they lived here until 1940. They founded the first pier, the church of st. Marie, and many smaller improvement, and made Palanga the most popular sea resort of 19th century.

Stockholm Travel Guide

Stockholm


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Stockholm is a capital city of Sweden, and the biggest Scandinavian city. Located on many islands is sometime called „Venice of the north”, known for architectural beauty and natural charm of clear waters and many parks. The city with long history, firstly an important military point in the mouth of Gulf of...

Gamla Stan (Old Town)


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The oldest part of Stockholm – Gamla Stan (literally Old Town) was built in 13th century on a central island of Stockholm – Stadsholmen. In this part of the city dominate narrow, cobble-stone streets and the squares remember the most important events in Swedish history.

"The Iron Boy”


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On a small square called Bollhustappan there is the most adorable sculpture in Stockholm. Less than a feet tall boy made from iron is sitting on his iron bed and stare on the moon.

The Nobel Museum


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One of the most famous Swedish museums is dedicated to Alfred Nobel and all those, who was awarded by a prize of his name.

Vasa Museum


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Vasa museum is a very unique maritime museum, which is totally dedicated to one ship – Vasa. It was built in 1628, an sunk only some weeks later, on his maiden voyage.

German Church


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The church of st. Gertrude, one of the oldest churches in Stockholm, is commonly called German Church (Tyska Kirkan), as the district where it was constructed was then inhabited mainly by German merchants.

Södermalm


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Södermalm, called for short Söder, is a district of Stockholm, and the biggest of Stockholm's islands, located just next to Gamla Stan. Until 17th century it was mainly rural area, now 19th century townhouses create an artistic, bohemian atmosphere.

Riddarholmen Church


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On a small island Riddarholmen lies one of the oldest churches in Stockholm, and the burial place of Swedish kings.

Riksdag


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The Riksdag is a Swedish Parliament, and as a real political power exist from 1917. However, the “Diet of the Realm”, how word riksdag should be translated, was present also when Sweden was the monarchy, and started in 15th cantury.

City Hall


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One of Stockholm's city landmarks, the City Hall, was built in years 1911 – 1923, on a place of gristmill, which was destroyed in a great fire in 1878. The construction of red brick created the beautiful view from Gamla Stan, as it is build exactly on the edge of the canal.

Djurgarden Island


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Kungliga Djurgarden (the Royal Game Park) is an island in central Stockholm, full of parks, historical buildings and museums. Here are located famous Vasa Museum, amusement park Grona Lund and Skansen – the first open-air museum in the world.

Royal Palace


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The Royal Palace, called also the Stockholm Palace, is one of the official residences of Swedish Royal Family. Although current king Carl XVI Gustaf is living in Drottningholm Palace, the Royal Palace is still representative place, where all official meetings have place.

The Great Church


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Located just next to the Royal Palace, the church of st. Nicholas is the oldest church in Stockholm. It is said, that it was constructed by Birger Jarl, the founder of the city. The first time it was mentioned in 1279, so this conviction may be true.

Finnish Church


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From 13th to the beginning of 18th century, Finland was a part of Swedish Empire, and after the Reformation there appears a need of establish the Finnish Parish.

The Great Square


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Strotorget, which is Swedish for the Great Square, is a main square of a historical core of Stockholm – Gamla Stan. Although not very big, the square is visited by thousand of visitors annually, who just admire renaissance charm, amazing well, and lots of shops and cafés.

Alley of Marten Trotzig


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The narrowest alley in Gamla Stan is more like a staircase between houses. Located between Prästgatan and Västerlånggatan, not far from Stortorget, it became a place which every tourist should see.

Drottningholm Palace


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The Palace located some 15 kilometres from Stockholm's centre, is a private residence of Swedish Royal family as well as the popular tourist site, inscribed on UNESCO world Heritage list.

Warnemünde

Warnemunde


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Warnemunde (literally Warnow estuary) is a sea resort located on a Baltic sea, in Northwestern Germany. First the independent village, is now the district of city Rostock, and is known as a paradise for kite surfers.

Rostock


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Rostock is one of the biggest German sea ports, located over the Baltic sea. Preserved town walls and the brick-red color of most building in a city center remains of the thousand years of city history, while the sea resort of Warnemunde district is live attraction for holidaymakers.

Town walls


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As every medieval town, Rostock was surrounded by a town walls. What is unique about this city, is relatively big part of this 13th century construction, which avoided destruction, and can be still admired.

Town Hall


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Dominating feature of the New Market (Neuer Markt) is a Town Hall (Rathaus). Interesting fact is, that this 13th century construction is still serving administrative purposes, and is the oldest brisk town hall in Germany.

St. Mary's Church


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The church of st. Mary is one of the most important Rostock churches, as it is the seat of Evangelical Lutheran State Church of Germany. The brick-Gothic building is one of the biggest this kind, and was only slightly changed after middle ages.

Abbey of the Holy Cross


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The abbey of the Holy Cross was originally the Cisterian nuns abbey, and now is the only fully preserved monastery complex in Rostock. The church which is a part of it is now a university church, and the rest of abbey buildings host the museum.

Berlin


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Berlin is a capitol city of Germany and the biggest of its cities. Its also the 7th urban area in European Union. For the bigger part of 20th century it was divided into East and West Berlin, the second surrounded by Berlin Wall, now the modern, fast developing city has only few reminders of those times, such as a...

Brandenburg Gate


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Rising above the Pariser Platz, the Brandenburg Gate is undoubtedly the best known Berlin landmark. Once it was regular city gate, but after a reconstruction it's function is more like the Triumphal arch.

Reichstag


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Located in a very center o Berlin, just next to the Brandenburg gate, the Reichstag is not only the seat of German Parliament, but also a symbol of political importance and empire ambitions.

The Berlin Wall


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The Berlin Wall was a 156 kilometers construction separating West German enclave from the Eastern part of the country. It was one of the cold war symbols and the destroying of the wall is considered as the end of a communism in Germany.

Potsdam Square


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Potsdam Square Potsdamer Platz) is one of central points of Berlin, with very modern architecture and one of the most important reminder of contemporary history - not destroyed parts of Berlin Wall.

Checkpoint Charlie


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From 1961 to 1989 Germny and Berlin was divided into Western part controlled by USA and Eastern under the influence of Soviet Union. The Western part of Berlin was an enclave, marked with a 3,6 meter high wall.

Holocaust Memorial


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Between the streets Ebertstrasse and Hanna-Arendt strasse lies confusing, alarming monument made from concrete blocks. It's called officially „Memorial to the murdered Jews of Europe”.

Unter den Linden Avenue


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Unter den linden is a name of the main Berlin Avenue, and means literally „under the linden (lime) trees”. It begins on a Pariser Platz (Square), under the famous Brandenburg gate and finish on Alexanderplatz, where rise the Television Tower.

Museums Island


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Museumsinsel (museum island) is actually the island in a vary center of Berlin, where five important museums are located. The island is also a house of Berlinerdom – Berlin Cathedral.

Berlin Cathedral


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On the Museum Island rise not only the classicist shapes of famous museums, but also the biggest domes in Berlin – the Berlin Cathedral (Berliner Dom). Officially called Supreme Parish and Collegiate Church, never was literally cathedral, but the Berliners called it “dom” as it is the most important church in...

Schloss Charlottenburg


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Charlottenburg Palace is the only preserved royal residence of Hohenzollern Family in Berlin., it is also the biggest Palace in the city. It was damaged during Second World War, but now, renovated, together with gardens is one of the biggest Berlin's attractions.

Oranienburger Strasse and New Synagogue


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The Oranienburger Strasse was before Second World War the center of Jewish life in Berlin. Here was located many Jewish houses, schools and cemeteries. After 1940 district begin to desolate, only in 80s started the renovation of the New Synagogue and Jewish culture is slowly coming back to Berlin.

Gendarmenmarkt


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Gendarmenmarkt is a square located one block south from Bebelplatx, where are located two cathedrals – French Cathedral and German Cathedral, and the Konzerthaus between them – the concert hall which is considered one of the best concert halls in the world.

Kurfuerstendamm Boulevard and Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church


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Kurfuerstendamm Avenue is the most elegant street in Berlin, with a lot of shops and restaurants.

Alexanderplatz and TV Tower


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Altough Alexanderplatz is not joined with famous Unter den Linden, it's usually the end of the walk by that famous street. This central square have less touristic character than Pariser Platz, and the main attraction of it is a Television Tower.

Nikolai Quarter


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Nikolai Quarter (Nikolaiviertel) is a subdistrict in a central Berlin, south from Alexanderplatz. The name was taken from St. Nicholas Church, the oldest church in Berlin, and the neighbourhood had historical, yet less touristic atmosphere.

Tiergarten


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Tiergaten is a name both of the district and the big urban park in a very center of Berlin. It spread west from Brandenburg Gate, and cover 210 hectares, which make it the second biggest urban garden in Europe.

Victory Column


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West from Brandenburg Gate, in the middle of Tiergaten Park stand the Victory Column, the symbol of Prussian power in 19th century.
 
 
 

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