Indre By

 

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Indre By means literally inner city, and is a name of the oldest district of Copenhagen, the historical core of it. Until 1870 the centre was surrounded by city walls, which cause a „condensation”of historical buildings. Most of Copenhagen monuments are now easily accessible by foot or bike.


The main street, Strøget, together with squares and several joining streets, creates pedestrian area of more than 100,000 square meters. It begins on the City Hall Square, one of most important city squares. The National Romantic style building of City Hall is dominating over it, with a tall clock tower and gilded, ornamented façade. The Eastern end of Strøget is Kongens Nytorov (King's New Square), established in 1670s by Christian V. The equestrian statue of the king decorates the square, which is also surrounded by pearls of 17th century architecture - Charlottenborg and Thott Palaces and Royal Danish Theater. The Kongens Nytorov is connected with harbour by Nyhavn canal, popular entertainment district. Bright coloured townhouses are now restaurants, pubs and bars, and to the pier are moored many historical sailing ships. Together it creates one of most picturesque sites in a city.
Short walk along the canal will lead to the Amelienburg palace complex, dominated by monumental Marble Church. Little farther spread Kastellet, former citadel, which is now mainly park area, visited by both, tourist and citizens. Very close to Kastellet lies the smallest, but the most famous Copenhagen feature – the statue of Little Mermaid.





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