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As every European city, Copenhagen had first the city walls around the whole city and later - the system of fortifications able to stop army equipped with cannons and guns. Kastellet is beautifully preserved example of such construction.

The first modern fortifications in Copenhagen was built in 1626, by king Christian IV. This small construction was much extended by his son, Frederick III, and in 1660 the citadel got its present shape. Five-pointed star was considered in 17th century as an ideal shape for defence structures, and the Kastellet is one of better preserved citadels from that times. After a renovation in years 1989-1999 the buildings serve mainly as a historical sites, and surrounding park as a place for strolls, however, some military activities are still held.
The access to the citadel is possible by one of two gates, Southern, more representative King's Gate, and Northern Norway Gate. Inside remained many 18th century buildings, like Commander house, red-painted barracks called The Rows, Church and prison. Small but remarkable feature is still working windmill from 1847, which, together with 16 others, guaranteed supplies of flour in case of siege.

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