Oliwa District

 

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Oliwa district is now a part of Gdansk, but for long time was separate town. Its history began in 1186, from the foundation of Cistercian monastery. The small church in Romanesque style, built for monks only, quickly had to be extended. In 14th century the new, Gothic church was developed, and after the war devastation it was rebuilt in 16th century.


This last construction, with small later changes, we can admire nowadays. Every year in Chatedral is organised the Organ Music Festival, as the church have one of the oldest and biggest organs in Poland
In 17th century Oliwa host some important event during so called Deluge (in polish “Swedish Deludge”). First, in 1627, the Battle of Oliwa took place near the shores of the village, and it was one of the biggest naval battles Poland ever wins. In 1660 the Treaty of Oliwa guaranted the end of war.
To the most visited attractions, apart of Cathedral, belongs Roccoco Abbot's Palace, now housing the Department of Modern art of National Museum in Gdansk. The Palace lies in surrounding of Oliwa Park, the popular place for walks and strolls. It consist of more elegant, French part, and more natural English part. From 1956 the part of English park was changed into Botanical Garden.





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