St. Mary's Church

 

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The St. Mary Church is the biggest brick church in the world, and one of the biggest of all brick buildings. Located in a very centre of the Old Town, is the most important Gdansk church.


The construction of present building started in 1343, at the place of older, smaller one. The church was finished in 1361, but only in 1379 reconstructions started and the final shape it gained in 1502.
The architecture of a church is typically Gothic, as well as interior decorations. Plan of Latin cross, high, narrow windows, and uncommon crystal vaults in side aisles, makes st. Mary's Church the masterpiece of so called Brick Gothic.
The church lost some paintings and sculptures during the World War II. Some of them was taken to Warsaw, and not all came back afterwards. The most valuable art piece, the Last Judgement by Hans Memling, is now exhibited in the National Museum in Gdańsk. However, the 15th century painting “Ten Commandments”, Pieta from the same century, and the High Altar from 1517, still decorate the church interiors.
From the Church to river Moltawa leads Mariacka Street, with the oldest houses in the city.





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