Curonian Spit


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Curonian Spit is a 97- kilometres long, thin peninsula, built mainly from sand, which is located in a very south-eastern corner of Baltic sea. It separates Curonian Lagoon from the open sea, and was probably formed about 3 millenniums BC.

The southern part of spit belongs to Russia, but 50 northern kilometres lies at the Lithuanian territory. From 1991 the spit is protected by a National Park, and in year 2000 it was inscribed on a UNESCO Natural Heritage List.
The protection of the spit started in the beginning of 19th century, after massive deforestation which cause the problems with moving sand. Nowadays the forest cover 70% of the spit, and drifting dunes are no longer danger for fishermen's villages, but still are famous tourist attraction. Curonian spit is also the birdwatchers paradise, as over hundred species are nesting there or migrating through the lagoon.

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