Peter and Paul Fortress

 

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The oldest building in Sankt Petersburg is located on a small Zayachy Island (Hare Island) fortress of Peter and Paul. Designed as a defence from Swedes, it never played that role – after finishing the building Swedes was defeated.


Later fortress served as a garrison and a prison for most important political enemies. First one was Alexander Romanov, son of Peter the Great, later in the fortress lived e.g. Dostoyevsky, Gorkiy, Trotsky and Alexander Lenin – Vladimir's older brother. 
Nowadays the Fortress is turned into State Museum of the History of Saint Petersburg, apart of building of old mint, which is still working. The central point of fortress is Peter and Paul Cathedral, the burial place of Tsar Family. The 123 meters high bell tower, the highest in the city centre, is one of Petersburg's landmarks. To the other exhibitions belong „History of Peter and Paul Fortress”, „History of st Petersburg – Pietrograd (1830-1918)”, and the most moving, „History of the Trubetskoy Bastion Prison (1872-1921)”
The beaches surrounding the fortress, are now one of the most crowded in the city, not only in summer – the local club of „Walruses” (Morzhi) swims here in Neva during all winter.





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