Saint Petersburg

 

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The amazing, beautiful city of Saint Petersburg is an irrefutable proof of unlimited power of Russian Tsar's. Peter Romanov, called later Peter the Great, changed marshes and swamps into second largest city in Russia, and ten years after setting the first building, he moved here from Moscow the capital of the country. Nowadays Saint Petersburg is called „Russian window to the West”, with more European atmosphere, manifesting in architecture as well as in character of local people.


For Peter the Great, access to the Baltic Sea was a case of big importance. In 1703, during the Great Northern War, he built the fortress on Zayachy Island (Hare Island). This date is considered as a city foundation. After complicated engineering work – draining the swamps and protecting new land from the sea tides, in 1712 he started moving the court and government institutions to the new capital.
The second important ruler dedicated to the city was Catherine II, empress between 1762-1796 and the first inhabitant of newly built Winter Palace. She started a collection in her „hermitage”, which is now presented in State Hermitage Museum. City grows and develop, as her reign is considered as one of Russia golden ages. In the honour of Peter the Great, she create one of city's landmarks, the monument of Bronze Horseman.
The centre of the city is undoubtedly Nevsky Prospekt,4,5 kilometres avenue lined with 18th and 19th century buildings, monuments and churches. One of them is a Church on the Spilled Blood, one of Petersburg's symbols. The other interesting church, of st. Izaac, is located a little bit north from the avenue.
As a capitol of Tsar's, Petersburg is a city of Palaces. To the most interesting belongs, despite of Winter Palace, Yusupov Palace, Peterhof located bit closer to the seaside and surrounded by amazing gardens, and the Catherine Palace in village Pushkin (Former Tsarskoye Selo), 30 kilometres south from Petersburg.
After the days spent on sightseeing, or in one of many Petersburg's Museum (famous Hermitage, also amazing Russia Museum and many more), don't forget to enjoy city night life. A cruise on Neva, pub crawling or a simple walk will be the most interesting in the middle of summer, when sun is hiding only for short moment, and citizens admire so called white nights.





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