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Jurmala is a sea resort over the Gulf of Riga, located 25 kilometres west of Riga. It is a administrative unit consisting several small resorts and in history it was simply called Riga-Strand or Beach of Riga.

The popularity of the place began in late 18th century, when first villas of Russian officers and reach Rigans started to appear. When in 1877 the railway was established, the place was already known for healthy influence of seaside air and city sanatoriums.
During the Soviet era Jurmala attract many Russian authorities, such as Leonid Brezhnev or Nikita Khrushchev. The reminders of that period are huge concrete hotels, contrasting with 19th century wooden architecture.
After 1991 the city suffer a crisis, some of many festivals have been closed, but now is again lively, vibrant resort, offering many activities for visitors in every age.

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