Stockholm

 

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Stockholm is a capital city of Sweden, and the biggest Scandinavian city. Located on many islands is sometime called „Venice of the north”, known for architectural beauty and natural charm of clear waters and many parks. The city with long history, firstly an important military point in the mouth of Gulf of Bothnia, later a city of Swedish kings, now is a vivid cultural and educational centre of Nordic countries.


The first informations about Stockholm came from 1252 but by that time it was already quite big town and important junction of trade routes. The oldest part of Stockholm, Gamla Stan (Old Town) origin from that period. 
In Hanseatic times, Stockholm owe the flourishing to close connections with Hanza cities. Later, as part of Kalmar union it was a bit on a outskirts of a Danish kingdom, but when Gustav Vasa reach the throne, it start quickly developing again. In 1634 the city became a capitol of Swedish Empire, during 17th century the biggest power in Northern Europe. After years of stagnation in 18th century, industrial revolution bring new possibilities, and Stockholm became what it is today - economical and cultural capitol.
Many of Stockholm’s important monuments are located around Stortorget, main square of Gamla Town. The other important district are Sodermalm, bohemian area, and Djurgarden – the recreational site, known for amusement park, Vasa Museum and Skansen, the first open-air museum in the world.





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