Tallinn Travel Guide

 

Tallin


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The first fortress on Toompea hill was built in 1050. The city around it several times changes its name and ruling kingdoms. The longest it was known as a Reval, form 1230, when it gained city rights, till 1918, when it was finally called Tallinn.

Tallin Old Town


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Tallinn Old Town is marked by well preserved city walls, which oldest parts origin back to 13th century. Until 19th century the term consisted only the lower part, without Toompea Hill, but nowadays the districts are joined together, as both are historical core of Tallinn.

Toompea Hill


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Toompea Hill was for long separate city, the seat of sacral and secular authorities of Estonia. The oldest remaining buildings are parts of Toompea Castle (called also Castrum Danorum – Danish Castle), built in 13th century and extended by Teutonic Knights about hundred years later. Today the castle is a seat of...

Town Walls


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Tallinn's Town Walls are one of the best preserved and most impressive in Europe, and they have big influence on a historical atmosphere of the city. They are sometimes called Margaret's walls, as the Queen Margaret Sambiria ordered to built first fortifications in 1265.

Town Hall Square


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The centre of every medieval city was a main square, gathering trade, cultural events and serving as a meeting place. In Tallinn, one can have an impression, that nothing changed in that case, maybe apart of executions, which were held close to the Town Hall.

Town Hall


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Tallinn Town Hall is the only preserved Gothic Town Hall in Europe. It was built in 1404, and from that time it stayed in almost original shape, with only one exception - the spire.

House of the Brotherhood of Black Heads


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The Brotherhood of Black Heads was a Guild gathering wealthy, unmarried merchants. The name origin from a patron saint, Moorish St. Mauritius, whose profile was on a guild's coat of arms.

St. Mary Cathedral


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St. Mary's Cathedral, located on a Toompea Hill is the main Estonian Lutheran church. The first church at this place was probably built before 1219, but wooden construction was replaced by a stone one only in 1230s.

Danish King’s Garden


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Between Toompea Hill and Lower City, there is a park, called Danish King's Garden. It is believed, that here stay Danish troops, before they finally win over Toompea in 1219.

Toompea Castle


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First fortifications on Toompea Hill was made in 10th or 11th centuries, but nothing from those first buildings remained. When Danes conquered this place, they started construction of new, stone castle. From that time remain name Castrum Danorum (Danish Castle), which is used till today.

Nevsky Orthodox Cathedral


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The biggest Orthodox Cathedral in Estonia was built as a symbol of Russian domination over Estonians. It's located on a Toompea hill, on the same street as Lutheran St. Mary Cathedral, and without doubt is bigger and more splendid.

Kadriorg Palace


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In 1718 Peter the Great built the Palace for his wife Catherine, in a short distance from Tallinn. Kadriorg is now one of city district, and the palace surrounded by a park is popular place of Tallinnian strolls.

St Brigitta Convent


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Over the Pirita river rise amazing ruins of st. Brigitta convent. Built in 1407, for almost two centuries served monks and nuns, and was the biggest convent in the region. In 1577 was destroyed by Russians, and from that time the ruins remained the same.

Memorial Complex of Maarjamae


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In 1960, when Estonia was a part of USSR, the impressive concrete monument was risen over road to Pirita beach. The first feature, obelisk, was made in honour of Russian soldiers died in 1918. Fifteen years later the rest of complex arise, changing nearby terrain in the concrete square. This later addition was in...

Lasnamae


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In Western Europe, where history of 20th century was different than in Eastern countries, so-called communism tours are getting more and more popular. In former soviet republics and dependent countries, there are districts created between 1960-1990, which are something exotic for young people from West Europe.

Kiiu Tower


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This smallest citadel in Estonia is located several kilometres east from Tallinn. It was built by a Teutonic Knights in the beginning of 16th century, and a word “citadel” may be a little to much to describe it.

Rebala Bronze Age Graves


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Only five kilometres from Tallinn, lies village Rebala, known from the biggest ancient burial place in Estonia.

Jagala waterfall


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The almost eight meters high Jagala Fall is the largest waterfall in Estonia. The shape of it remains the shape of largest waterfall in USA, so it is sometimes called Niagara of the Baltic.
 
 
 

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