Toompea Castle


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First fortifications on Toompea Hill was made in 10th or 11th centuries, but nothing from those first buildings remained. When Danes conquered this place, they started construction of new, stone castle. From that time remain name Castrum Danorum (Danish Castle), which is used till today.

Present shape of the castle is a work of Teutonic Knights, who bought Tallinn and surrounding terrains in 14th century. Castle was later extended end renovated several times, but the general shape, and the façade visible down from the hill is strictly medieval. The dominating accent of this façade is tall tower called Pikk Hermann, one of the city symbols. Every day on the view platform, the huge Estonian flag is risen to the tune of national anthem. During history, many different powers occupied the castle, and different flags was hanging from Pikk Hermann. Today castle is a seat of Estonian Parliament, and presence of the national flag is a reason of real pride.

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