Berlin

 

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Berlin is a capitol city of Germany and the biggest of its cities. Its also the 7th urban area in European Union. For the bigger part of 20th century it was divided into East and West Berlin, the second surrounded by Berlin Wall, now the modern, fast developing city has only few reminders of those times, such as a parts of walls on the Potsdamer Platz.


The history of Berlin reach at least 1174 but the name appears first in 1244. in 15th century it was established a capitol of the margraviate, and later became a free Hansaeatic town. From the very beginning of 18th century Berlin was a capitol of prussia, which was then spread more west, than nowadays Germany.
The main street of Berlin i called „Unter den Linden”, and it's lined with most important city monuments. It starts from Alexanderplatz with famous television tower, crosses the Spree river close to the Cathedral and „Island of the Museums”, passes by the Humbold University buildings, library and Opera, and finishes on Pariser Platz with Brandenburg Gate, undoubtedly the best known Berlin's landmark.
On the other side of the gate rise the biggest German monument – Reichstag. Literally the biggest – it's one of the most monumental buildings in Berlin. Located in the middle of huge, empty square, makes overwhelming impression.
Not far from Pariser Platz lies Holocaust Memorial, strongly moving monument with underground museum. For the other reminders of 20th century history of Berlin it's good to go on Potsdamer Platz, where the small part of Berlin's Wall was preserved. On the street nearby is located Checkpoint Charlie, one of the few entrances to the West Berlin enclave.





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